United States of America

The Cabinet

George Walker Bush - President

Born : in New Haven, CT on July 06, 1946

Education : M.B.A. in business administration, Harvard (1975) ; B.A. in history, Yale (1968)

Party : Republican

Political experience : Republican nominee for U.S. Representative from Texas' 19th district (1978) ; Adviser and speechwriter for father's presidential campaign (1987-88) ; Governor of Texas (1995-present).

Richard B. Cheney - Vice-President

Born : in Casper, WY on January 30, 1941

Education : Attended Yale University, 1959. Received bachelor's and master's degree in political science from the University of Wyoming, 1965 and 1966 respectively. Did doctoral work at the University of Wisconsin, 1966-68

Party : Republican

Political Experience : Chief of Staff, 1975-1977 Past House Minority Whip Special Assistant to Donald Rumsfeld-White House Counsel. U.S. Representative, 1978-1989. Secretary of Defense, 1988-1992

Ann M. Veneman - Agriculture Secretary

Born : 1949

Education : Bachelor's degree in political science from the University of California at Davis, a master's degree in public policy from the University of California at Berkeley, and a juris doctorate degree from theUniversity of California, Hastings College of Law.

Party : Republican

Political experience : From 1989 to 1991, served as Deputy Undersecretary of Agriculture for International Affairs and Commodity Programs. From 1991 to 1993, served as Deputy Secretary of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). From 1995 until the change of administration in 1999, she served as Secretary of the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA).

Donald L. Evans - Commerce Secretary

Born : 1946 Houston, Texas

Education/Profession : Bachelor's of science in mechanical engineering and master's in business adminitration, University of Texas. / Chairman and CEO, Tom Brown Inc, started as a roughneck at the oil and gas company in 1975 ; chairman of UT board of regents.

Party : Republican

Donald H. Rumsfeld - Defense Secretary (DOD)

Born : on July 9, 1932 in Chicago, Illinois.

Education/Profession : Received a B.A. in Politics from Princeton University in 1954. He served in the U.S. Navy as a naval aviator from 1954-1957. Became active in government in 1958 when he worked as Administrative Assistant to Congressman Dave Dennison of Ohio. In 1959, he became a Staff Assistant to then Congressman Robert Griffin of Michigan. From 1960 to 1962., he was with the Chicago investment banking firm of A. G. Becker and Company.

Party : Republican

Political experience : Assistant to the President by President Ford on September 27, 1974. In this capacity, he serves as a member of the Cabinet, Director of the White House Office of Operations, and Coordinator of the White House Staff. In 1962, he was elected to the United States House of Representatives from the Thirteenth District of Illinois to serve in the Eighty-Eighth Congress. He was re-elected by large majorities in 1964, 1966, and 1968. In 1969, he resigned his seat in the House to join the Cabinet as an Assistant to the President and Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity. In December of 1970, he was named Counselor to the President and in October 1971, he was appointed Director of the Cost of Living Council. Named United States Ambassador to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in February 1973.

Dr.Rod Paige - Education Secretary

Born : 1933 in Brookhaven, Missouri

Education/Profession : Bachelor of Science degree from Jackson State University and a Master of Arts and a doctorate from Indiana University. Asst. Professor of Law, Thomas M. Cooley Law School (MI).

Party : Republican

Political experience : Superintendent of Schools in 1994 after having served as Dean of the College of Education at Texas Southern University. He was elected to the HISD Board of Education in 1989 and served as president in 1992.

Edmond Spencer Abraham - Energy Secretary

Born : East Lansing, Mich, in 1952.}

Education/Profession : Michigan State University, 1974 ; Harvard University School of Law (MA), 1978, J.D./ Asst. Professor of Law, Thomas M. Cooley Law School (MI).

Party : Republican

Political experience : Deputy Chief of Staff to Vice President Dan Quayle, 1990. Co-chair, Natl. Republican Congressional Committee, 1990-92. Of Counsel, Miller, Canfield, Paddock and Stone, Detroit, MI, 1992-94. Senator os Michigan elected first time 1994 not reelected in 2000

Tommy G. Thompson - Health and Human Services Secretary

Born : on November 19, 1941 in Elroy, Wisconsin

Education/Profession : Received his bachelor's degree in political science in 1963 and his law degree in 1966 from the University of Wisconsin./ He is a former Army captain and a former member of the U.S. Army Reserve.

Party : Republican

Political experience : Elected assistant minority leader in 1973. In 1981, he was elected Republican floor leader. Governor of Wisconsin 1987-2000.

Mel Martinez - Housing and Urban Development Secretary

Born : 1947, in Cuba

Education/Profession : Graduated from Florida State University College of Law in 1973. / During his 25 years of law practice in Orlando, he was very involved in community activities.

Party : Republican

Political experience : Orange County local Attorney, 1973 to 1998 Chairman, Orange County Government (1998 &endash; Present).

Gale Norton - Interior Secretary

Born : 1954 in Wichita, Kansas

Education/Profession : University of Denver, B.A. 1975 an J.D.1978. / Mountain States Legal Foundation, 1979-83.

Party : Republican

Political experience : U. S. Departement of The Interior, 1985-87 ; Attorney General of Colorado, 1991-99.

John Ashcroft - Attorney General

Born : on May 9, 1942

Education/Profession : Public schools in Springfield, Missouri, and graduated with honors from Yale University in 1964. University of Chicago Law School where he received a law degree in 1967. / Associate Professor of Law, 1967-71, Coordinator for Judicial Affairs, 1969-73 then Associate Professor, 1971-73, all with Southwest Missouri State University.

Party : Republican

Political Experience : 1973-1974 Auditor for Missouri. 1975-1976 Missouri Assistant Attorney General. 1976-85 - Attorney General for Missouri. 1985 - 1993 Governor for Missouri;.1994 - U.S. Senator for Missouri Elected to the United States Senate in 1994, winning 60 percent of the vote and carrying every county in Missouri. Ashcroft also has served the people of Missouri as their Governor for two terms, winning reelection in 1988 by 64 percent, the largest percentage of any Missouri governor since the Civil War.

Elaine Chao - Labor Secretary

Born : 1953 in San Francisco Bay Area

Education/Profession : Mount Holyoke College, B.A, 1975 ; Harvard, M.B.A., 1979. / Director of the Peace Corps 1991-92 ; President of the United Way, 1992-96 ; Senior editor, Distinguished Fellow, the Heritage Foundation, 1992-2001.

Party : Republican

Political Experience : Deputy Maritime Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, 1986-88 ; Chairwoman, Federal Maritime Comission, Washington, 1988 ; Deputy Secretary, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1989-91.

Colin L. Powell - Secretary of State (DOS)

Born : New York City on April 5, 1937

Education/Profession : Educated in the New York City Public Schools, graduating from Morris High School and the City College of New York (CCNY), where he earned a bachelor's degree in geology. He also participated in ROTC at CCNY and received a commission as an Army second lieutenant upon graduation in June 1958. His further academic achievements include a Master of Business Administration Degree from George Washington University.

Party : Republican

Norman Y. Mineta - Transportation Secretary

Born : on November 12, 1931 in San Jose to Japanese immigrant parents.

Education/Profession : Bachelor of Science degree in Business at the University of California-Berkeley in 1953. He served as an Army military intelligence officer during tours of duty in Japan and Korea. Upon returning to San Jose he worked at the Mineta Insurance Agency, which his father had founded in 1920.

Party : Democrat

Political Experience : In 1962, joined San Jose's Human Relations Commission. Later, he became the first ethnic minority to serve on the San Jose City Council, then Vice Mayor, and in 1971 was elected to become the first APA mayor of a major American city. In 1967, he became the first Asian Pacific American Member of the City Council of his hometown of San Jose, California. While serving in the Congress, Mineta founded the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus and served as its first Chair. He was first elected to Congress in 1974 to represent Silicon Valley. In 1993, Mineta became Chairman of the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Public Works and Transportation. Retired in October 1995, after 21 years in the House of Representatives. Became the 33rd Secretary of Commerce on July 21, 2000.

Paul H. O’Neill - Treasury Secretary

Born : December 4, 1935, in St. Louis, Missouri.

Education/Profession : Received a B.A. degree in economics from Fresno State College and a master's degree in public administration from Indiana University. Additionally, he participated in graduate study programs in economics at Claremont Graduate School and George Washington University. / Began his career as an engineer for Morrison-Knudsen, Inc. in Anchorage, Alaska. He worked as a computer systems analyst with the U.S. Veterans Administration from 1961 to 1966 and served on the staff of the U.S. Office of Management and Budget from 1967 to 1977. He was deputy director of the OMB from 1974 to 1977. Elected chairman and chief executive officer of Alcoa on April 20, 1987. position, he served as an Alcoa director

Party : Republican

Anthony Joseph Principi - Veterans Affairs Secretary

Born : in 1944

Education/Profession : 1967 Graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy. In 1975, earned his law degree from Seton Hall University.

Party : Republican

Political Experience : On May 3, 1991, Mr. Principi was appointed to serve as Chairman of the Board of the Federal Quality Institute, an organization charged with responsibility for adopting the culture of Total Quality Management within the Federal Government. On September 26, 1992, he was named Acting Secretary of Veterans Affairs. In 1993, he served as the Chief Counsel & Staff Director for the U.S. Senate Committee on Armed Services and was responsible for being the principal legal advisor to the Chairman and members of the Committee on all matters affecting the Department of Defense. 

Office of President

Christine Tood Whitman - Office of Federal Environmental Protection Agency Administrator

Born : on September 26, 1946 in New York City

Education : Bachelor's degree in government in 1968 from Wheaton College in Norton, Massachusetts.

Party : Republican

Political Experience : Governor of New Jersey State 1994-2000

Lawrence B. Lindsey - Economic Adviser

Born : on July 18, 1954, in Peekskill, New York

Education : Bowdoin College, B.A., 1976 ; Harvard University, M.A., Ph.D. Economics from Harvard University, 1985. / Associate Professor of economics at Harvard, 1984-89. Governor, Federal Reserve, 1991-97 ; Chairmain, board of the Neighborhood reinvestement Corp., 1993-97.

Party : Republican

Political Experience : Senior tax policy economist on President Reagan's Council of Economic Advisers, 1981-84.Special assistant to President George bush for policy 1989-1991.

Robert B. Zoellic - U. S. Trade Representative

Born : July 25, 1953, in Evergreen Park, Ilinnois

Education : Graduated from Swarthmore College (B.A., 1975), Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government (M.P.P., 1981), and Harvard Law School (J.D., 1981).

Andrew H. Card Jr. - Chief of Staff

Born : 1947

Education/Profession : Bachelor's of science in engineering, University of South Carolina ; attend U.S. merchant marine Academy and the John F. Kennedy School of Governement at harvard University. : Vice president, government affairs, General Motors ; President and chief executive, American Automobile Manufactures Association. Vice president, CMIS Corp.

Party : Republican

Political Experience : Secretary of transportation ; Director, Office of Intergovernmental Affairs (President Ronald reagan) ; White House deputy chief of staff (under President George Bush) ; Member of Massachusetts House of representatives.

Condoleezza Rice - National Security Adviser

Born : 1954 in Birmingham, Alabama

Education/Profession : University of Denver, B.A. (cum laude), 1974 and Ph.D., 1981 ; Notre Dame University, M.A., 1975. / U.S. Department of State, intern, 1977. Rand Corp, Santa Monica, California, intern, 1980 ; Political science consultant, 1980 ; Stanford University, assistant professor of political science, 1981-87, associate professor, 1987-93 ; professot, provost, 1993-July 2000 ;

Political Experience : Assistant director of arms control program, 1981-89 ; National Security Council, from director to senior director of Soviet ans East European affairs, 1989-91.

Alberto R. Gonzales - White House Counsel

Born : 1955 in San Antonio, Texas

Education : Air Force Academy, 1975-77 ; Rice University, B.A. 1979 ; Harvard University, J.D. 1982.

Party : Republican

Political Experience : Attorney at Vinson and Elkins, 1982-1995 ; General counsel to the governor of Texas, 1995-1997 ; Texas Secretary of State, 1997-98 ; Justice, Texas Supreme Court, 1999-2000.

Karen P. Hugues - White House Counselor

Born : 1957 in Paris, France

Education : Southern Methodist University B.A., with honors in English and Journalism, 1977.

Party : Republican

Political Experience : Texas press co-ordinator for Ronald Reagan's presidential campaign, 1984 ; Executive director, Texas state Republican Party, 1991-93 ; Director of communication, George W. Bush's gubernatorial campaigns, 1994 and 1998 ; press secretary and spokeswoman for Governor Bush, 1994-99 ; Director of communications for Bush's presidential campaign, 1999-2000.

Joe Allbaugh - Federal Emergency Management Agency Director

Born : 1952

Party : Republican

Political Experience : Worked for the 1984 Reagan campaign, the Republican National Committee, the Oklahoma Republican Party and a number of local candidates. Deputy secretary of transportation in Oklahoma. Served as chief of staff in the governor's office and managed the 1994 Bush campaign.

Karl Rove - Senior Adviser and Assistant to the President

Born : 1950 in Denver, Colorado

Education/Profession : University of Utah and George Mason University in Virginia, but never receveid a degree. / Consulting business, Karl Rove & Co., 1981-99.

Party : Republican

Political Experience : Chairmain of the CollegeRepublicains when George Herbert Walker Bush was chairmain of the state Republican party, 1973. campaign adviser to senior Bush when Bush ran for presidency, 1980. Adviser to George W. Bush's for his run for Governor of Texas, 1994. Sold consulting firm in 1999 to devote his energies to the George W. Bush presidential campaign.

Ari Fleischer - White House Press Secretary

Born : 1960 in New York

Education : Bachelor's degree from Middlebury College in 1982.

Political Experience : He was the press secretary for Sen. Pete V. Domenici, R-N.M. in the late 1980s. Worked as deputy communications director on the 1992 Bush campaign and later served as communications director for the House Ways and Means Committee.


Chiefs of State and Heads of Government
Foreign Affairs
World Parliaments
Federated States and Provinces
Political Weekly Factbook
International Organizations