Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Iran / Islamic Republic of Iran


The government is formed by the MSA and Islah.


Mohammad Khatami - President

Born : 1943 in Ardakan, central province of Yazd to a religious family

Education/Profession : Student, attending Qom Theology school in 1961, BA in philosophy from Isfahen University. Post graduate studies in educational sciences at Tehran University 1970, later returning to Qom for courses in Ijtihad, practice of religious leadership.

Political career : Involved in anti-Shah campaign under Iman Khoeini. Organized religious and political debates. Chaired Islamic Centre of Hamburg in Germany before 1979 revolution. 1982, he was appointed minister of culture and Islamic guidance under Mirhossein Mousavi. During Iran-Iraqi war swerved as joint commander of armed serves and chairmen of war propaganda headquarters. Repainted minister of culture and Islamic guidance in 1989-1992. 1992, appointed cultural advisor to President Rafsanjani. Elected as fifth president of the Islamic Revolution in May 1997, gaining almost 70% of votes cast. Reelect in 2001.

Obs : Khatami is considered by west as most liberal of Iranian leaders. He enjoys support from younger voters and women. He has a liberal vision of a new Iran which is seeming conflict with Iran spiritual leader, Ali Khamenei.


Hasan Ebrahim Habibi - Vice President and Head of President Staff


Mohammoud Hijjati - Minister of Agricultural Jihad


Mohamma Shariatmadari - Minister of Commerce

Morteza Haji - Minister of Cooperatives

Born : in 1948 in Tehran

Education/Profession : Prior to embarking on a teaching career in city of Babol in Mazandaran province, attended the Teachers Training University in Tehran and received a B.S degree in mathematics.

Political career : While a student, founded the West Tehran association of followers of Islam before being arrested by 'Savak', the toppled Shah's secret police, for his membership of the 'Party of the Islamic Nations'. Haji played an active role in the 1979 Revolution by joining the resistance groups in the northern province of Mazandaran. He was appointed as the head of Babol city council and deputy chief of the Islamic Revolution Guard Corps before becoming Mazandaran province governor general for six years. He was then appointed deputy minister of culture and Islamic guidance for pilgrimage and tourism affairs and later deputy commerce minister. Since 1995 he has been the managing director and deputy managing editor of the morning daily 'Hamshahri'. He was endorsed as minister of cooperatives with 182 parliamentary votes out of a total of 26o.

Mostafa Moin - Minister of Culture and Higher Education

Born : in 1951 in Najafabad, Isfahan Province.

Education/Profession : In 1976 he obtained his M.D. in Medicine from Shiraz University and later in 1979, specialized in Pediatrics and finally in 1996 he completed his postdoctoral studies in Allergy and Immunology. He has served as the Chancellor of Shiraz University and was an MP for Shiraz in the first term of the Majlis .

Political career : Since 1983 he has been a member of the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution.In 1988 - 1989 he was an MP for Tehran in the third term of the Majlis and later became Minister of Culture and Higher Education (1989-93). In 1997 he was elected MP for Isfahan in the fifth term of the Majlis.He is married with three children. He was endorsed as Minister of Culture and Higher Education with 211 parliamentary votes out of a total of 26o.


Ahmad Masjed Jamei - Minister of Islamic Culture and Guidance

Born : in Mashad in 1956

Education/Profession : Graduate in human geography of the Tehran University. Other posts held by Mr. Jamei include presidential advisor for youths affairs, head of the social research section of the preparation of school texts services of the ministry of education (1981), head of the youths section of the high council of the cultural revolution of the IRI (1985), member of the UNESCO national committee, member of the HQ for celebration of Imam Ali (A) year and member of the board of trustees of the ministry's culture and arts research center. Mr. Jamey has also served at various editorial posts in a number of magazines and publications in the IRI.

Political career : Before he assumed the post of the minister of the Islamic culture and guidance, he was the senior deputy minister and also deputy minister in charge of cultural and research department of the same ministry. Previously, he had been a deputy minister since 1990, director general for projects and plans, deputy director of the Amir Kabir publication house, head of the cultural and social research section of the interior ministry, head of the research section of the ministry of education as early as 1981 specialist head of the research and cultural studies of the ministry of education in 1979.

Ali Shamkhani - Minister of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics

Born : in Ahvaz, southwestern Iran, in 1955

Education/Profession : He holds a B.S. degree in agricultural engineering from the university of Ahvaz, an M.S. degree in military studies and an M.A in state management from the university of state management organization. Shamkhani currently serves as the commander of the naval forces of the army, the Islamic Revolution's guard corps (I.R.G.C), as well as commander of Khatam Ul-Anbia Naval headquarters in the Persian Gulf. Fighting the counterrevolutionary forces in Khuzestan, Kurdestan, Sistan-Baluchestan, Gilan, and Mazandaran has been among Shamkhani's many undertakings after the victory of the 1979 Islamic Revolution. He also held various military posts during the Iraq-Imposed War, including the commander of the IRGC forces in Ahvaz, Khuzestan, acting commander of IRGC, commander of IRGC ground forces, deputy chief of armed forces H.Q. for information and operations, IRGC minister and official in charge of the implementation of theU.N.

Political career : He ran as an independent in June 8 presidential elections. Introduced by Khatami as Defense Minister in 1997, after heading the elite Islamic Revolution Guards Corps and the navy.


Tahmaseb Mazaheri - Minister of Economy and Finance

Born : in Tehran in 1953

Education/Profession : A former Central Bank of Iran governor and the head of the wealthy Disabled and Needy Foundation.

Political career : He replaced Hossein Namazi, a hard-liner who was constantly at odds with the Central Bank of Iran over interest rates.

Obs : Mazaheri is known as a reformist committed to the goals of a market economy.

Hossein Mozafar - Minister of Education

Born : in Tehran in 1952

Education/Profession : Received his B.A. in Islamic jurisprudence and fundamentals of Islamic law and an M.A. in management. He served as a high school teacher for 26 years and is currently deputy head of cooperatives of 'Shahid' (martyrs) Foundation and serves as its liaison officer with Majlis.

Political career : Following the victory of the Islamic Revolution, Mozafar was appointed as the head of Varamin education office and later took over the education offices of districts 6, 7 and 16 of city of Tehran. He became director general of the Tehran province education office in 1982. In 1986, he was given the post of director general of the inspection and evaluation department of the ministry of education. He was approved as minister of education with 145 parliamentary votes of a total of 261.

Habibollah Bitaraf - Minister of Energy

Born : in the central Iranian city of Yazd in 1956

Education/Profession : Received his high school  diploma in Yazd and then entered Tehran university where he earned an M.S.. in civil engineering.

Political career : Political activist before the victory of the 1979 Islamic Revolution, took up an administrative post in the construction Jihad organization following the establishment of the Islamic Republic. After serving as the governor general of Yazd province for 4 years, took up the post of deputy energy minister for training during 1990-1994. He also taught at several universities in Tehran during the same period. While at the Ministry of Energy, Bitaraf was in charge of several dam construction and Karoun 3 and 4 power plant projects. Bitaraf is married and has three children. He was endorsed as Minister of Energy with 202 parliamentary votes of a total of 258.

Kamal Kharrazi - Minister of Foreign Affairs

Born : in Tehran in 1944

Education/Profession : B.A. degree in Persian language and literature from Tehran university in 1969.Two years later, he obtained his M.A. in education from the same university.He holds the doctorate degree in the same subject from Houston University,USA. He was gmanaging director of Islamic Republic News Agency, (IRNA) from 1980 to1989.

Political career : During 1972-79, he was an active member of Muslim students association in USA and Canada as well as the Islamic.Research Institute in London.During 1978-80, he served at different capacities including deputy head for planning of Islamic Republic of Iran gBroadcasting (I.R.I.B), deputy foreign minister for political affairs and managing director of the center for intellectual development of children and young adults. From 1980 to the end of the 8-year Iraqi Imposed War,Kharrazi served as a member of Supreme Defence Council as well as head of the War Propaganda Headquarters. He has served as Iran's permanent representative and gambassador to the U.N. since 1989. He was endorsed as minister of foreign affairs with 241 parliamentary votes out of a total of 266.

Mohammad Farhadi - Minister of Health

Born : in Shahroud (Semnan Province) in 1949

Education/Profession : He started his higher education in the field of medicine at Mashhad university in 1968. Received his doctorate in the field of medicine from the university in 1975 and specialized in Othorhinolaryngology at the same university in 1980 He completed his post-graduate studies in laser operation, endoscopic surgeries and cochlea transplantation both inside and outside the country. Since 1982, has assumed several posts such as acting head of the Red Crescent Society (Rcs), secretary of Iran's Medical Education Council, culture and higher education minister, chancellor of Tehran university and head of Iranian institute for promotion of science and research He also cooperated with the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution in drawing up the curriculum for specialized and post-specialized medical training courses, identifying and attracting committed medical experts to Iranian universities. He is currently a professor at Mashhad university, director and a member of the medical disciplinary panel, secretary of the board of trustees of 'Shahed' university, member of the central board of directors of the health ministry and a member of Iran's medical training council.

Political career : He was endorsed as minister of health with 216 parliamentary votes out of a total of 266.

Ali Abdolalizadeh - Minister of Housing and Urban Development

Born : in Orumiyeh, capital of west Azarbaijan province in 1954

Received his B.S in civil engineering from Tabriz university and his M.A in state management in 1995. He is currently working on his Ph.D.thesis in state management.

He served as deputy mayor of Orumiyeh and deputy governor general of East Azarbaijan until 1984 Abdolalizadeh then served as Majlis deputy representing Orumiyeh during the second and third terms of the Majlis (1984-1992). He was a member of the plan and budget commission of the Majlis during both terms, and the commission reporter in the third Majlis Abdolalizadeh has been governor general of East Azarbaijan province since 1992 Abdolalizadeh was chosen by president Mohammad Khatami as the housing and urban development minister. He was endorsed as minister of housing with 172 parliamentary votes out of a total of 263.


Ali Yunesi - Minister of Intelligence and Security

Born : in Nahavand, western Iran, in 1955

Political career : Appointed Intelligence Minister in 1999. Before his ministerial post, Yunesi was the head of Judicial Organization of the Armed Forces.

Obs : Is considered a centrist who enjoys the trust of Khamenei, but has publicly committed himself to Khatami's reform program.


Abdolwahed Mousavi Lari - Minister of Interior


Mohammad Esmail Shoshtari - Minister of Justice

Hossein Kamali - Minister of Labor and Social Affairs

Born : in Doroud, Lorestan province, in 1953

Education/Profession : Received his technical and vocational training in his hometown and then attended Tehran university where he received an M.A. in political science.

Political career : While university student, Kamali became involved with the center for Islamic publication and research and `The Dawn of Islam' organization where he began his political activities against the toppled Shah's regime. He was an advocate of workers' rights and welfare.With the triumph of the 1979 Islamic Revolution, Kamali was appointed the head of the revolutionary council in charge of labor affairs. He was responsible for the 'Muslim Workers' weekly, the first publication of its kind in 1980. He was elected to the first Islamic consultative assembly as Tehran's representative where he also served as the spokesman for Majlis labor commission. Later in the third Majlis he became the chairman of the labor commission. He served as the minister of labor during the first term of ex-president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. He was endorsed as minister of labor with 222 parliamentary votes out of a total of 265.

Eshaq Jahangiri - Minister of Industries and Mines

Born : in the city of Sirjan, in southeastern province of Kerman in 1957.

Education/Profession : He holds an M.S. in industrial management from Sharif Industrial university. He is at present a Ph.D student at Stafford university (England) in the field of Planing.

Political career : Prior to the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran, was an active member of political and revolutionary groups. He was shot and wounded in an encounter with the forces of the toppled Shah. After the Islamic Revolution, he became head of Jiroft Construction Jihad organization for two years as well as a member of Construction Jihad council of Kerman province. Jahangiri represented Jiroft constituency in the second and third terms of the Majlis, and has been governor general of the central province of Isfahan since 1992. He was endorsed as minister of mines and metals with 182 parliamentary votes of a total of 26o.

Bijan Namdar Zanganeh - Minister of Oil

Born : in Kermanshah, western Iran, in 1952

Education/Profession : Master's degree in civil engineering from Tehran University.

Political career : He was appointed Energy Minister in 1988 and was credited with rapidly rebuilding dams and power plants damaged in the 1980-88 war with Iraq. He has transformed Iran's oil ministry, signing major deals with international petroleum giants to develop Iran's oil and gas fields under controversial buyback deals.

Obs : Politically, he is believed to be a reformist, though he is a member of the powerful Expediency Council, hand-picked by Khamenei.


Seyed Ahmad Motamedi - Minister of Post, Telegraph and Telephone

Born : in Tehran in 1953

Education/Profession : Graduated from the Amir Kabir Technical College in electronic engineering in 1979. He has also taken the doctoral course in systems information at Pierre and Marie Curie University in France. Also been involved in technical and civilian activities including the formation of the organization of the scientific and industrial research of Iran set up by the ministry of post, telegraph and telephone, head of the information section of the IRI scientific researches council, membership of the teaching staff of the Amir Kabir Technical College, winner of the Khwarazmi science festival awards, author of three books and many articles. He has been engaged in the implementation of a number of telecommunication and communication projects sponsored by the ministry.

Political career : Before his appointment to the present post, which he holds with the endorsement of the Majlis (202 votes for, out of total of 255 votes cast), he served as a deputy minister of sciences in charge of research and technology (since 1986), secretary of the IRI scientific research council, and a deputy r of the ministry of sciences, research and technology. His social, political and scientific achievements include : activity in students' movements before the Islamic revolution, arrest in 1976 and 15 months in Evin prison, head of the war research unit of the ministry of science, representative of the ministry at the war HQ.


Rhaman Dademan - Minister of Roads and Transport

Mohammad Hashemi Rafsanjani - Vice President - Executive Affairs

Born : 1942

Education/Profession : M.A in economics. Director of Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting ( IRIB) for ten years

Political career : Deputy agriculture minister for administration and financial affairs, political deputy of prime minister, deputy minister of foreign affairs. Vice President - Executive Affairs

Masoomeh Ebtekar - Vice President - Environmental Protection

Born : in 1960 in Tehran

Education/Profession : She began her higher education in the field of laboratory science at the martyr Beheshti University in 1982 and received her B.S in 1985. She received her Ph.D. in Immunology from Tarbiat Modarres University in 1995. She is also university professor. She has served on the editorial board of Keyhan International, an Iranian newspaper, and as the acting head of the central committee of Iran's non-governmental women's organizations (NGO's). She represented Iran at the World Women's Conferences in Nairobi and Beijing. She is fluent in English and French. Mrs. Ebtekar spent first years of her education in the United States.

Political career : Vice President - Environmental Protection

Obs : Massoomeh Ebtekar, Iran's first woman vice President


Gholam Reza Aqazade - Vice President - Atomic


Mostafa Hashemi Taba - Vice President - Physical Training

Born : 1947

Education/Profession : Master's degree in textile engineering from Tehran Polytechnic University. advisor at the Plan and Budget Organization; director of the Qazvin Textile Manufacturing Company; director of the Exports Promotion Center of Iran, responsible for Tehran international trade fairs.

Political career : Vice President Physical Training


Mohammad Ali Sadouqi - Vice President - Legal and Parliamentary Affairs

Mohammad-Reza Aref - Vice President - Management and Planning Organization

Born : in 1941 in Yazd

Education/Profession : He spent his adolescent years in Yazd and in 1959 won the first prize in the national maths competition. A year later, in 1960, he entered Tehran university where he received a B.S degree in electrical engineering. A scholarship granted by Isfahan's technical university enabled him to start his post-graduate studies in U.S. In 1966 he received his M.S. degree in telecommunications and later in 1970 he completed the Ph.D program at Stanforduniversity.

Political career : Throughout his student days he was politically active and supported the movement started by late Imam Khomeini until he was arrested by 'Savak' (the Shah's secret police) in 1963. During his stay in U.S. he was a member of the Muslim students organization and was head of the same organization for a period of one year Before the victory of the 1979 revolution, Aref accompanied late Imam Khomeini to Paris Since the victory of the Islamic revolution, Aref has held a variety of government posts including deputy minister of telecommunications, deputy minister of culture and higher education in charge of students' affairs (1981-1982) and advisor to minister of culture and higher education. Aref was head of Tehran university from November 1984 till 1988. He was endorsed by the parliament as minister of post, telegraph and telephone (PTT) with 246 parliamentary votes out of a total 263.


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